NOTÍCIAS || NEWS

 

Bilateralism, denial and coordination

Gonçalo Baptista dos Santos

25 de Setembro | 17h00
FCUL | Edif. C8 | Sala 8.2.02


no âmbito do Reasoning Seminar, com coordenação de António Zilhão.


 

Sessão de abertura do ano lectivo 2017-2018 do Programa de Doutoramento Filosofia da Ciência, Tecnologia, Arte e Sociedade (PD-FCTAS)

 

26 de Setembro | 11.00h
Sala 20.40 (Sala de Audiências, piso 0) | Fac. Direito da UL

 

O ano lectivo 2017-2018 do PD-FCTAS tem início no dia 26.09.2017, pelas 11.00h, com uma sessão de abertura na qual será feita a apresentação das disciplinas e dos Seminários pela Coordenação do Programa e pelos docentes responsáveis pela leccionação.

Seguir-se-á uma conferência a cargo do Professor Doutor Rodrigo Ventura, do Instituto Superior Técnico, intitulada "Desafios na Inteligência Artificial e na Robótica"


[+info]


 

What is Biodiversity?

Prof. Sahotra Sarkar

(University of Texas at Austin, USA Presidency University, Kolkata, India)

2 de Outubro | 17h00
Anfiteatro da Fundação

 

Abstract:
The concept of biodiversity emerged in the 1980s in the context of concerted attempts to conserve aspects of living variety that were then being put at risk primarily through land use and land cover change. Thus, biodiversity always has had a normative element in its conceptualization and, in this sense, differed from older concepts of ecological diversity. However, defining and measuring biodiversity has been contested territory ever since its introduction with no diminution of these controversies in recent years in spite of several attempts at explication. This paper reviews these controversies and develops a framework that distinguishes constituents and surrogates for biodiversity and discusses how they must be defined and assessed for conservation projects.


[+info]


On the nature of variation:
random, biased and directional

A CFCUL / BIODECON Conference

International conference. 3 & 4 October 2017
Anfiteatro da Fundação FCUL

Adaptationism, i.e. the claim that natural selection provides a sufficient explanation for the evolution of most traits, pervades all aspects of biological thinking. The underlying assumption supporting adaptationism is that variation is somehow random, namely, that it is neither biased nor directional. This conference aims to provide an interdisciplinary context for uncovering and critically evaluating the rationale behind the hypothesis of variation randomness in the light of new developments in the evolutionary sciences (e.g., from the impact of instructive mutations in prokaryotes - CRISPR-Cas -, to mutation-biased divergence in molecular sequences, to the likely role of developmental biases in phenotypic divergence). Why was variation characterised as random in the first place? And what would be the case if either mutational or developmental biases were to impinge on the evolutionary process?

INVITED SPEAKERS: Eva Boon (Technische Universiteit Eindhoven, The Netherlands), Pietro Corsi (University of Oxford, UK and EHESS, Paris, France), Leonore Fleming (Utica College, USA), Philippe Huneman (IHPST; CNRS/ Université Paris 1 Sorbonne), Gerd Müller (Universität Wien, Austria), Sahotra Sarkar (University of Texas at Austin, USA and Presidency University, Kolkata, India), Arlin Stoltzfus (Institute for Bioscience and Biotechnology Research, NIST, USA).

[+info]


 

Colloquium

What is a physical entity?

16-17-18 October 2017
Faculdade de Letras da Universidade de Lisboa

Scientific board: José Croca | Pedro Alves | Rui Moreira


> VER NOTÍCIAS ANTIGAS


Set
25
17h00 | FCUL | Ed. C8 | Sala 8.2.02

Bilateralism, denial and coordination por Gonçalo Baptista dos Santos, no âmbito do Reasoning Seminar, com coordenação de António Zilhão.

The meaning of the logical constants can be characterized by the pairs of rules that regulate their use. Classical and intuitionistic logic use different pairs to characterize the logical constants. For certain constants, the intuitionistic logician claims that the classical rules lack an adequate justification. Bilateralism is a theory of meaning that tries to address this criticism. It distinguishes between assertion and denial and describes the classical meaning of a logical constant with two pairs of rules. I argue that the distinction between assertion and denial raises problems for the bilateral understanding of logical inference. The bilateralist addresses these problems by proposing two coordination principles for assertion and denial. I argue that these principles undermine the bilateral distinction between assertion and denial.


Set
26-28
Universitat de Barcelona | España

The units, levels and mechanisms of language evolution: a tentative ordering, por Nathalie Gontier, no Protolang 5, organizado pelo The Biolinguistics Initiative Barcelona. [+ info]

Set
29
Athens, Greece

Prospective Approach to Scientific Images por Olga Pombo, na qualidade de Keynote Speaker, na segunda conferência — subordinada ao tema 'Aspects of Objectivity in Science' — da rede The Pond: Philosophy of Science Around the Mediterranean [ +info ] [ programa ]

Out
2
17H | Anfiteatro da Fundação FCUL

What is Biodiversity?, por Sahotra Sarkar (University of Texas at Austin, USA Presidency University, Kolkata, India). No âmbito do Projecto Biodecon

The concept of biodiversity emerged in the 1980s in the context of concerted attempts to conserve aspects of living variety that were then being put at risk primarily through land use and land cover change. Thus, biodiversity always has had a normative element in its conceptualization and, in this sense, differed from older concepts of ecological diversity. However, defining and measuring biodiversity has been contested territory ever since its introduction with no diminution of these controversies in recent years in spite of several attempts at explication. This paper reviews these controversies and develops a framework that distinguishes constituents and surrogates for biodiversity and discusses how they must be defined and assessed for conservation projects.

 

Convenors: Elena Casetta, Silvia Di Marco, Jorge Marques da Silva, Carina Vieira da Silva, Davide Vecchi. Funded by the FCT (Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia) through the Philosophy of the Life Sciences Group of the Centro de Filosofia das Ciências da Universidade de Lisboa (strategic project UID/FIL/00678/2013) and the R&D Project Biodecon (PTDC/IVC-HFC/1817/2014).

Out
3-4
Anfiteatro da Fundação FCUL

On the nature of variation: random, biased and directional, a CFCUL / BIODECON International conference. Invited speakers, Eva Boon (Technische Universiteit Eindhoven, The Netherlands), Pietro Corsi (University of Oxford, UK and EHESS, Paris, France), Leonore Fleming (Utica College, USA), Philippe Huneman (IHPST; CNRS/ Université Paris 1 Sorbonne), Gerd Müller (Universität Wien, Austria), Sahotra Sarkar (University of Texas at Austin, USA and Presidency University, Kolkata, India), Arlin Stoltzfus (Institute for Bioscience and Biotechnology Research, NIST, USA). Convenors: Elena Casetta, Silvia Di Marco, Jorge Marques da Silva, Carina Vieira da Silva, Davide Vecchi. Funded by the FCT (Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia) through the Philosophy of the Life Sciences Group of the Centro de Filosofia das Ciências da Universidade de Lisboa (strategic project UID/FIL/00678/2013) and the R&D Project Biodecon (PTDC/IVC-HFC/1817/2014). [+info]

Out
3-5
Fábrica Braço de Prata | Lisboa

Face – Mask – Avatar – Embodiment. A three days conference and Think Tank meeting co-organized by the Philosophy of Human Technology Research Line of the CFCUL at University of Lisboa (Portugal) and the Institute for Critical Theory and Institute for Performing Arts and Film at the University of the Arts, Zurich in collaboration with EPI-Clinique Lengg, Zurich, Switzerland. The conference brings together experts and invited guests from the projects "Hacking Humans: Dramaturgies and Technologies of becoming Other" (PI Alexander Gerner CFCUL), and"Actor and Avatar" (Prof. Dieter Mersch, ith ZHdK, Prof. Anton Rey, IPF ZHdK and Prof. Thomas Grunwald, EPI-Clinique Zurich.

> VER MAIS ACTIVIDADES


DESTAQUES | | highlights
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ÚLTIMAS PUBLICAÇÕES || LATEST PUBLICATIONS

Eds. J.R. Croca, P. Castro, M. Gatta

EURITMIA
Complexidade e Racionalidade numa Perspetiva Interdisciplinar

CFCUL, Fevereiro de 2017

ISBN: 978-989-8247-76-6

Olga Pombo (Org.)

Image in Science and Art
Actas do Colóquio Internacional "Image in Science and Art"

Editora Fim de Século, Fevereiro de 2017 ISBN: 979-972-754-286-4

Olga Pombo e Paulo Castro (Org.)

Debates da Filosofia da Ciência Contemporânea.
VIII Jornadas Ibéricas de Filosofia da Ciência

CFCUL,394 pp.
ISBN: 978-989-8247-75-9

Ana Paula Suarez e Alcina Maria T B da Silva

De qual educação ambiental estamos falando
Uma análise dos mestrados profissionais no Rio de Janeiro

Novas Edições Acadêmicas.180pp
ISBN: 978-3-330-75420-1

> PUBLICAÇÕES ANTERIORES

CALLS ABERTOS || OPEN CALLS

Call for Abstracts

Até 20 de Outubro

Conference

Human Enhancement and Evolution
Scientific, Technological, Policy & ELS Considerations

Lisbon, 13th-14th December 2017.

 

Host Institution: Centre for Philosophy of Science of the University of Lisbon (CFCUL) [http://cfcul.fc.ul.pt/], C1, 3rd floor

The Conference will have two parts:

  1. Evolution and the Sciences and Technologies of Human Enhancement

    Organismal dynamics are such that organisms incontrovertibly affect the very evolutionary pressures that shape them, even if only indirectly. But seemingly, amongst all organisms and perhaps owing to their cognitive evolution, humans became exceptionally fine controllers of both theirs and other organisms' evolutionary processes. In virtue of the sciences and technologies of human enhancement, more effective exertion of control over evolution is nowadays becoming evident, and this is shown among others by the rise of new technics such as genetic editing tools. However, human enhancement and its broad evolutionary effects are still understudied.

    We invite contributions to the effort of understanding the plethora of ways in which evolution relates to human enhancement. As such, topics of interest may include, but are not limited to:

    • The human evolutionary possibilities: predictive models, challenges and limitations;
    • Directed evolution, both gene driven (e.g. genetic engineering, induced mutagenesis, and reprogenetics) or non-germline based;
    • Evolutionary trade-offs of assisted modes of human reproduction, immunity engineering, medical and health technologies, and of longevity enhancements (interferences in senescence and lifespan), their demographics and population dynamics;
    • Natural and artificially induced reticulate evolution (e.g. human-non-human transgenesis);
    • Present & future human evolution (e.g. k-selection and speciation);
    • The impact of technological evolution qua niche construction on human evolution and ecology (e.g. geoengineering; non-Earth-bounded evolution);
    • Non-carbon-based evolution (including AIs of all kinds & alien);
    • The evolution of 4E and scaffolded cognition;
    • The relation between fitness and human enhancement (e.g. does human enhancement enhance fitness?);
    • Working definitions of "human enhancement" for Evolutionary Theories;
    • Is there actual control over evolution? How could we understand it?
    • Human evolution in relation to Technology evolution (e.g. human-machine interfaces);

     

    Keynote Speaker(s):
    Professor John Harris; TBA.

    Invited Speaker(s):Rui Diogo

    Local Organizing Committee:|
    Dr. Alexander Gerner [CFCUL]; João Pinheiro [CFCUL]

     

  2. Policy & ELSA of Genome Editing and Human Enhancement
  3. Genome editing is a technology with the potential to promote and enhance health and understand disease. However, as many other disruptive advances in science, it also brings challenges at an ethical, legal, social, and political level, particularly regarding the treatment of hereditary diseases and the integrity of the human germline. The possibilities of genome-editing and its limits and consequences, specifically to therapeutic applications and targeted interventions in ecosystems are being broadly discussed by many. It will be important to contribute to the debate in a critical and transparent way with the participation of scientists, society and policy-makers. This will provide a platform to better assess the benefits and potential risks of the technology to help support the development of sound policies in the future.

    >We invite reflections upon the following themes (but not limited to):

    • Ethical, legal, political and social challenges associated with genome-editing;
    • Genetic editing: evolution of technology and medicine and its Implications for human health, and the natural environment;
    • Socio-ethical and policy-related questions about the acceptability of germline modification;
    • Challenges on defining "Genetic identity", parenthood and respective responsibilities: limits and consequences;
    • "Human enhancement" potential of genetic editing: Implications and scientific-technological feasibility thereof;
    • Responses to the challenge of established norms.

     

     

    Keynote Speaker(s):
    Professor Bartha Maria Knoppers; TBA.

    Invited Speaker(s):

    Prof. Alexandre Quintanilha [Comission for Science and Education at the Portuguese Parliament, former head of the NERRI project]



    Local Organizing Committee:
    Dr. Alexander Gerner [CFCUL]; Dr. Mara Almeida [CFCUL].

 


Scientific Committee
:
Professor Philip Kitcher; Professor Gregory Stock; Professor Susan Kelly; Professor Kevin M. Esvelt; Professor Rita Zilhão; Dr. Nathalie Gontier; Professor Maria Fernanda Palma.

 

Abstract submission

For your submission please make sure to provide two separate documents: (1) Information Document with all authors' names and affiliations, a working address for the corresponding author, and respective e-mail address; (2) Anonymized Document with a title and an abstract of 500 words max. (excluding bibliographical references). Both documents should be sent to philhumtech@gmail.com until the 20th of October under the heading of "Submission to Conference Human Enhancement and Evolution".

The announcement of the results is set to the 31st October. The selected abstracts will be invited for a 20min. presentation.

Authors of selected abstracts to the 1st part of the conference will later be invited to contribute to a peer reviewed volume in the Springer Book Series Interdisciplinary Evolution Research on the topic of Evolution and the Sciences and Technologies of Human Enhancement [http://www.springer.com/series/13109]. The contributors to the 2nd part of the conference will also be considered for publication.

 

Registration and attendance are free of charge.

Conference dinner is scheduled for the 14th December in Lisbon.

The conference is organized by the Philosophy of Human Technology Strategic Research Line of the CFCUL and will be held in English at the Faculty of Sciences of the University of Lisbon, Campo Grande, Amphitheatre ID-Ciências, Building C1, 3rd floor, Lisbon, Portugal.

Please feel free to contact the organizers in case you have any doubts or use the general e-mail address:
philhumtech@gmail.com.

 

[ pdf ]


Até 31 Janeiro, 2018

The Mind-Technology Problem - Investigating Minds, Selves and 21st Century Artifacts


Call for Papers

We invite chapter contributions for the volume "The Mind-Technology Problem – Investigating Minds, Selves and 21st Century Artifacts" forthcoming in the book series Studies in Brain and Mind (Springer). This book explores the relation between philosophy of mind and emerging technologies. Technologies that only recently seemed to be science fiction are becoming part of everyday life. Our life is increasingly saturated with 'smart' artifacts. The ubiquitous and mobile Internet amounts to a radically new epistemic and cognitive environment which we already inhabit. This smart environment is saturated with artificial intelligence systems that not only guide us to information on the Internet, but are transforming the way we inhabit the non-virtual realm: the home, the urban environment and beyond.

In the process, these technologies may be viewed as a form of rapidly evolving cognitive enhancement (Schneider, 2016, Heersmink, 2015). They may also be radically changing the human cognitive profile (Schneider and Mandik, 2016, Clowes, 2015; Clark, 2007) including the possibility of mind uploading (Corabi and Schneider, 2012). Some see these trends as deeply worrying, undermining a raft of our cognitive and social capacities (Carr, 2010; Turkle, 2011). Others see the relationship as a more of a continuum with the long history of artifactually led, cognitive evolution of human beings (Malafouris, 2013; Clark, 2003).

These technologies appear to have important implications for the human mind, sense of identity and even perhaps what we think human beings are. Other technological tendencies may stretch our ideas further toward super-intelligence, (within the skin) cognitive enhancements, and more distantly perhaps, machine consciousness. Yet while ideas of artificial general intelligence, cognitive enhancements and a smart environment are widely commented on, a serious analysis of their philosophical implications is only now getting started.

In this edited volume, we seek the best philosophical analysis of what current and near future 21sttechnology means for the metaphysics of mind. Some of the questions still open include: Should the adoption or incorporation of current technologies, such as smart phones or wearable gadgets be viewed as enhancements or diminishments of the human mind? Or is such a framework too restricted? Might they transform the sorts of self-knowledge available to us, or what self-knowledge is? Might the use of such gadgetry force us to rethink the boundary between human beings and technology, or indeed enduring philosophical questions such as personal identity or what the self is? According to various theories of personal identity, are radical cognitive enhancements even compatible with personal survival?

In thinking about minds, there is a common tendency to define the ontological status of the mind in terms of whatever is the latest technology. The computational model of mind has certainly been one of the most influential and is currently undergoing important challenges and challenging reinventions (Schneider and Mandik, 2016). Is the notion that the mind or self as a program, which often guides public and philosophical discussions, metaphysically well founded? Whether or not our minds are actually computational, our ability to interface with machines, from virtual reality technologies such as Oculus Rift to our smart-phones and wearable gadgetry, are undergoing a profound shift and are rapidly reshaping the metaphors and concepts philosophers use to think about minds and the conclusion they draw (Metzinger, 2009; Chalmers, 2007).

As a follow up of our "Minds, Selves and 21st Century Technology" meeting in Lisbon (http://mindandcognition.weebly.com/mind-selves-and-technology.html), we seek high quality submissions that investigate the philosophical implications of the engagement between 21st century technology, metaphysics and the philosophy of mind. We are especially interested in submissions that do not indulge in extensive futuristic speculation but focus on current or near-ready technologies which are already changing the shape of the human (and machine) cognitive landscape and our philosophical understanding of mind. Research question include the following:

 

Extended Mind, Extended Cognition, Distributed self:

  • How should we think of distributed and extended memory in the context of 21st century technology?
  • Can artifacts make possible new forms of extended self-knowledge? What are the consequences of artifacts—for instance, the ubiquitous smart-phone—for notions such as the minimal self, the narrative self, or the distributed self?
  • What is the role of cognitive artifacts in the cognitive enhancement debate?

 

Metaphysics of the mind:

  • Does the current state of the art of machine consciousness, brain enhancement or smart ambient technology warrant predictions and extrapolations on questions like personal identity, privacy, super intelligence, etc. many want to make?
  • Does current work in this realm tell us anything about phenomenal consciousness? The organization of mind? The possibility of artificial minds?
  • Do hierarchical predictive processing systems support the theoretical literature on the metaphysics of mind (mind, big data, minds online, deep minds)?

 

Radical Brain Enhancement and Uploading:

  • Would an uploaded mind be me? Is mind uploading a myth?
  • Does radical brain enhancement challenge our sense of self, personal identity and / or humanity?

 

Confirmed authors

Susan Schneider (University of Connecticut)

Gualtiero Piccinini (University of Missouri – St. Louis)

Mark Bickhard (Lehigh University)

Paul Smart (University of Southampton)

Richard Heersmink (Macquarie University)

Ron Chrisley (University of Sussex)

Georg Theiner (Vilanova University)

Keith Frankish (University of Crete)

Gerald Vision (Temple University)

 

Papers should not exceed 8,000 words.

 

We especially encourage researchers who are women and/or from underrepresented minorities or social classes to submit.

 

For further questions please contact the editors:
Klaus Gärtner (klga@gmx.de),
Inês Hipólito (hipolito.ines@gmail.com),
or Robert W. Clowes (robert.clowes@gmail.com).

 

Please send your contributions to
hipolito.ines@gmail.com
.

 

Deadline: 31st of January, 2018

 

References

Carr, N. (2010). The Shallows: How the internet is changing the way we think, read and remember. London: Atlantic Books.

Chalmers, D. (2007). Forward to Supersizing the Mind Supersizing the Mind: Embodiment, Action and Cognitive Extension. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Clark, A. (2003). Natural Born Cyborgs: Minds, Technologies and the Future of Human Intelligence. New York: Oxford University Press.

Clark, A. (2007). Re-inventing ourselves: The plasticity of embodiment, sensing, and mind. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy, 32(3), 263-282.

Clowes, R. W. (2015). Thinking in the cloud: The Cognitive Incorporation of Cloud-Based Technology.Philosophy and Technology, 28, Issue 2,(2), 261-296.

Corabi, J., & Schneider, S. (2012). Metaphysics of Uploading. Journal of Consciousness Studies, 19 (7):26.

Heersmink, R. (2015). Extended mind and cognitive enhancement: moral aspects of cognitive artifacts.Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences, 1-16.

Malafouris, L. (2013). How Things Shape the Mind: MIT Press.

Metzinger, T. (2009). The Ego Tunnel: The Science of the Mind and the Myth of the Self: Basic Books.

Schneider, S. (Ed.). (2016). Science fiction and philosophy: from time travel to superintelligence. John Wiley & Sons.

Schneider, S., & Mandik, P. (2016). How philosophy of mind can shape the future. Philosophy of Mind in the Twentieth and Twenty-First Centuries. London: Routledge.

Turkle, S. (2011). Alone Together: Why We Expect More From Technology and Less from Each Other. New York: Basic Books.



PSA2018: Call for Symposium Proposals and PSA2018: Call for Papers

Twenty-Sixth Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association

November 1 – November 4, 2018
Seattle, WA


Submission is now open for papers and for symposia proposals to be presented at the PSA2018 meeting in Seattle, WA, on November 1-4, 2018. This will be the 50th anniversary of the first biennial meeting of the PSA. The deadline for submitting a paper is March 1, 2018 and the deadline for submitting symposiumproposals is January 5, 2018. PSA2018 will once again include a poster forum; the call for posters will be issued separately. The call for session chairs will be sent out in late summer 2018. The PSA will once again be offering Dependent Care Subsidies of up to $200, and PSA registrants will also have access to on-site childcares services.

[ PSA2018: Call for Symposium Proposals] [PSA2018: Call for Papers ]


Acontece LÁ FORA

O QUE DEVEMOS AO FUTURO?
Pistas para uma cidadania planetária

10 Outubro 2017
Fundação Calouste Gulbenkian
Sala 1 da Zona de Congressos

[ mais informação ]


The Quantum Engineering (QuEng) research project, aiming at fostering a pluridisciplinary ecosystem for quantum technologies in Grenoble (France) invites applications for a 3-year, part-time, Chair of Excellence in Philosophy of Physics, starting January 2018.

Deadline for application : October, 10th, 2017

[ More details ]


Concursos FCT

Todos os concursos, anúncios e eventos podem ser consultados na seguinte página:
http://www.fct.pt/calendario/