NOTÍCIAS || NEWS

On the nature of variation:
random, biased and directional

A CFCUL / BIODECON Conference

International conference. 3 & 4 October 2017
Anfiteatro da Fundação FCUL

Adaptationism, i.e. the claim that natural selection provides a sufficient explanation for the evolution of most traits, pervades all aspects of biological thinking. The underlying assumption supporting adaptationism is that variation is somehow random, namely, that it is neither biased nor directional. This conference aims to provide an interdisciplinary context for uncovering and critically evaluating the rationale behind the hypothesis of variation randomness in the light of new developments in the evolutionary sciences (e.g., from the impact of instructive mutations in prokaryotes - CRISPR-Cas -, to mutation-biased divergence in molecular sequences, to the likely role of developmental biases in phenotypic divergence). Why was variation characterised as random in the first place? And what would be the case if either mutational or developmental biases were to impinge on the evolutionary process?

INVITED SPEAKERS: Eva Boon (Technische Universiteit Eindhoven, Holland), Pietro Corsi (University of Oxford, UK and EHESS, Paris, France), Leonore Fleming (Utica College, USA), Gerd Müller (Universität Wien, Austria), Sahotra Sarkar (University of Texas at Austin, USA and Presidency University, Kolkata, India), Arlin Stoltzfus (Institute for Bioscience and Biotechnology Research, NIST, USA).

Call for abstracts open until 15.07.2017

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Colloquium

What is a physical entity?

16-17-18 October 2017
Faculdade de Letras da Universidade de Lisboa

Scientific board: José Croca | Pedro Alves | Rui Moreira

[call for papers]


Deadline para submissão de propostas a Ações COST

7 de Setembro de 2017 (12:00 CET)

A deadline para submissão de propostas a Ações COST (COST – European Cooperation in Science and Technology - supported by the EU Framework Programme Horizon 2020) é no próximo dia 7 de Setembro de 2017 (12:00 CET).

As Ações COST abrangem todos os domínios Científicos e Tecnológicos, fomentando propostas multi e interdisciplinares. Estas Ações não financiam atividades de investigação, mas apoiam networking através de diferentes mecanismos, como Meetings, Training Schools, Short Term Scientific Missions – STSMs e Dissemination Activities.

Informação detalhada pode ser obtida em
http://www.cost.eu/participate/open_call

O Núcleo de Projetos Internacionais da FCiências.ID encontra-se à disposição para fornecer informação adicional e apoiar em todo o processo de candidatura.


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Jun
20-23
Bologna, Bologna University

Mathematical generosity and ontological parsimony. Apresentação de Daniele Molinini na SILFS 2017Triennial International Conference of the Italian Society for Logic and Philosophy of Science

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Jun
20-23
Bologna, Bologna University

DNA: specific difference maker but not developmental determinant. Apresentação de Davide Vecchi na SILFS 2017Triennial International Conference of the Italian Society for Logic and Philosophy of Science

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Jun
26
10h | FDUL

Prova de defesa de projeto de tese de doutoramento da Mestre Ana Pato, que se realizará na Faculdade de Direito de Lisboa, em sala a indicar. O júri será constituído pelos Professores Doutores Cristina Tavares, José Luís Garcia, Jorge Marques da Silva, Maria João Brilhante, Nuno Nabais, Olga Pombo (orientadora), João Cordovil (co-orientador) e Maria Fernanda Palma, que preside. Contará ainda como arguente externo   com o Professor Doutor Barata Moura.

Jun
30
Rijksmuseum | Amsterdão

Landscapes of the Gothic Uncanny in Symbolist Theatre, por Graça Corrêa, na conferência internacional Gothic Modernisms, organizada pela Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Coventry University e pela Amsterdam School for Heritage, Memory and Material Culture, 29-30 Junho 2017, Rijksmuseum, Amsterdão.

Jul
3
15h | FDUL

Prova de defesa de projeto de tese de doutoramento do Mestre Pedro Caldas, que se realizará na Faculdade de Direito de Lisboa, em sala a indicar. O júri será constituído pelos Professores Doutores Cristina Tavares, José Luís Garcia, Jorge Marques da Silva, Maria João Brilhante, Nuno Nabais, Olga Pombo (orientadora) e Maria Fernanda Palma, que preside. Contará ainda como arguente externo   com o Professor Doutor Sérgio Dias Branco da Universidade de Coimbra.

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ÚLTIMAS PUBLICAÇÕES || LATEST PUBLICATIONS

Eds. J.R. Croca, P. Castro, M. Gatta

EURITMIA
Complexidade e Racionalidade numa Perspetiva Interdisciplinar

CFCUL, Fevereiro de 2017

ISBN: 978-989-8247-76-6

Olga Pombo (Org.)

Image in Science and Art
Actas do Colóquio Internacional "Image in Science and Art"

Editora Fim de Século, Fevereiro de 2017 ISBN: 979-972-754-286-4

Olga Pombo e Paulo Castro (Org.)

Debates da Filosofia da Ciência Contemporânea.
VIII Jornadas Ibéricas de Filosofia da Ciência

CFCUL,394 pp.
ISBN: 978-989-8247-75-9

Ana Paula Suarez e Alcina Maria T B da Silva

De qual educação ambiental estamos falando
Uma análise dos mestrados profissionais no Rio de Janeiro

Novas Edições Acadêmicas.180pp
ISBN: 978-3-330-75420-1

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CALLS ABERTOS || OPEN CALLS
Até 15.07.2017

On the nature of variation: random, biased and directional

Anfiteatro da Fundação FCUL, University of Lisbon, 3-4 October 2017

Call for abstracts:

The present call for abstracts is directed to philosophers of biology, philosophers of science, historians of biology, evolutionary and theoretical biologists. The aim of the conference is to provide an interdisciplinary context for evaluating the historical, empirical and theoretical dimensions of the debate concerning the nature of variation and the proper role for variation in evolutionary explanations, how the debate has unfolded and how it shapes current evolutionary thinking in the life sciences. We particularly seek contributions that tackle the following issues:


1. How useful is the doctrine of variational randomness? And how should it be characterised?
2. In what sense would the existence of processes of generation of biased or directional variation challenge (empirical) adaptationism?
3. Is phenotypic variation random in the same sense as genomic variation?
4. Are all processes of genomic change random in the same sense?
5. How can evolutionary thinking benefit from concepts of randomness used in other sciences (e.g., mathematics, physics)?
6. To what extent do indeterministic processes play a role in mutation?
7. What mutation systems other than CRISPR-Cas violate current notions of randomness?
8. How can evolutionary thinking benefit from an analogy with cultural processes of variation-generation?

Dates:
Deadline for submission: 15.07.2017
Notification of acceptance: 05.08.2017

Proposals should be approximately 500 words long.
Please send them to Davide Vecchi <dvecchi@fc.ul.pt >

For more information, please visit our website. [link]


Até 31 Julho 2017

Colloquium
What is a physical entity?

16-17-18 October 2017

Lisbon, Portugal
Faculdade de Letras da Universidade de Lisboa


Centro de Filosofia das Ciências da Universidade de Lisboa (CFCUL)
Centro de Filosofia da Universidade de Lisboa (CFUL)

 

Scientific board: José Croca | Pedro Alves | Rui Moreira


Call for Papers

For understanding Nature, modern science has turned to mathematical and physical models that dramatically simplified the complexity of natural phenomena and processes. This was the very key for its long-lasting success. Nevertheless, as Husserl wrote regarding Galileo, this move was simultaneously a discovering and a concealing one. In a sense, the modern understanding of Nature was caught in mathematical formulae. Galileo's geometrization of Physics, and then the grow of analytical and linear methods in mathematical techniques, set the stage where Nature should be addressed from now on: a realm of idealized material essences, like mass points, perfect trajectories, exact positions, and so on, suitable for mathematical formalisms. However, the development of this realm was more and more oblivious of the original sense of Nature, and of the pieces of creative thinking that originally instituted all these idealized essences where modern Physics found out its objects. Locked-up in a realm consisting of material and formal essences, developing a more and more blind manipulation of symbols in formulae and calculations, Physics could now dream of an exact Nature as the simple correlate of this mathematical science of Nature. As a result, at least since the scientific revolution of the 17th century till the beginning of the last century, Physics will assume the perfect absolute localization in time and space, the identity, and the separability of all physical systems.

Now, at the beginning of our century, a kind of counter-reaction is emerging, due to the severe changes that the 20th century brought to classical Physics. What was really new in the science of Nature in the last century was but forth by Quantum Physics. It is no longer a classical theory, while Relativity continues to be to a certain extent classical, and can be viewed as the cul­mi­nat­ing point of Mechanics (reframing Newton's gravitation law) and Electromag­netism (with­out the ether-hypothesis). Classical Me­chanics, Relati­vity and Electromagnetism conveyed a clear and unambiguous ontology, respectively centered on the concepts of mass, distributed over space and time, of field, as an extended, non-punc­tual reality, and of space-time "curvature", in its interactions with the stress-energy ten­sor. The mathematical formalisms they developed prompted by themselves, as their correlates, a clear con­ception of what the (exact) physical reality should be in and by itself.

The other way around, Quantum Mechanics developed a mathematical formalism which was largely undecidedabout the very nature of the en­tities to which it referred. This problem plagued Quantum Mechanics since its very beginnings, and still continues today. In addition, there are many other difficult aspects of Quantum Physics regarding both the depictionof the physical reality, and what should be accounted for as "physical". Thus, concern­ing Quan­tum Mechanics, we are not in a somewhat Kantian situation. We have not a full-fledged, uncontroversial "factof science" with its fixed ontology. In its place, we have an accurate mathematical formalism (perhaps, the most accurate science has ever created), and a problemregarding its ontological inter­pretationin order to characterize what is "physical". The modern philosophy of Nature was written in math­ematical for­mulae; now, with Quantum Physics, the mathematical formalism only prom­ises a phi­­losophy of Nature.

Quantum Mechanics is, thus, the opportunity to return to a renewed debate about Nature itself. By virtue of its baffling results, the classical constraints have felt-down. Every new approach to understand Reality must assume that physical beings are complex and have both properties of localization and non-localization, that physical entities share a certain degree of individuality and, at the same time, some degree of non-separability, and also that determinism and indeterminism are only extreme ideal boundaries in between of which physical beings generate and evolve.

So, the colloquium will be led by a twofold interest. On the one hand, in a kind of retrospective, historical reflection, it will try to shed light on the original insights that constituted modern Physics. On the other hand, looking forward, it will address the problems a new understanding of Nature imposes on us in the quantum, post-classical age of Physics.

So, we will question:

  • What has phýsis become in light of Quantum Physics?
  • What was phýsis for the Physics of modernity?
  • How do these accounts of phýsis relate to the sense of Nature that opens the field in which, afterwards, the physicist enters as a methodical researcher?

We invite papers on any topic or question related to these issues.

Submissions should be in the form of an extended abstract of no more than 1000 words, anonymized for blind review.

Abstracts should be submitted by Sunday 31st July 2017, to colloquium.philosophyphysics@gmail.com.

We hope to have decisions on all submitted abstracts by end-August.

Working languages: English (recommended), French, and Portuguese.

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