Visiting period de Flavio D'Abramo, Marie Curie fellow at Freie Universität Berlin.
He has studied philosophy and history of science in Rome, London and Paris, focusing on epistemological, historical and sociological aspects of epigenetics. In the last years, he has integrated methodologies from ethnology and social sciences to ground his research within situated contexts. he is actualy working on autonomy of individuals in healthcare setting, and developing a project for a comparative, multi-national study around different uses of epigenetics.
A philosophical and socio-empirical critique of autonomy in the clinical setting, por Flavio D'Abramo, no âmbito do Seminário de Doutoramento do Programa de Doutoramento em Filosofia da Ciência, Tecnologia, Arte e Sociedade.
The project I will show is on autonomy of patients who entered medical research – i.e. clinical trials for targeted therapies. The study we conducted was based on in depth-interviews with patients and focus groups with medical personnel and researchers. The main topics of this study are around understanding of information, trust towards medical personnel, decision making process and data protection. Through this study we have conceived informed consent as both legal and ideological device able to discipline people entering medical research. The arguments developed in this project consider autonomy as a notion pointing at the individual right of self-determination that in some cases, as those we have analysed, is detrimental for the caring process and for individual fulfilment. What I put in question here is the autonomy's place in biomedical research. In rising this question, I will also show some molecular and logistic models that characterise the so called 'personalised' or 'precision' biomedicine – i.e. target drugs and biomarkers to stratify patients' response to drugs.
Inauguração da exposição fotográfica "Traços-Fantasmas" de Francesco Giarrusso que terá lugar na Galeria Germinal Guilherme Cossoul na Av. D. Carlos I n. 61 em Lisboa no dia 14 de abril
Criação e criatividade por Fernando Rua, no âmbito do Seminário de Doutoramento do Programa de Doutoramento em Filosofia da Ciência, Tecnologia, Arte e Sociedade.
Abstract: The consensus in philosophy of biology is based on the tenet that biological species are individuated only by relational properties (relationalism) and not by intrinsic ones (intrinsicalism). In this article I argue that the supporters of relationalism have not taken into account the possibility that minimal species genomes might exist. A minimal genome is a set of genetic properties that all and only the organisms belonging to a certain organismal lineage share. Hereby I critically analyse some prominent arguments that have been proposed to show intrinsicalism's fallacy. I aim to show that the empirical evidence and the theoretical considerations in support for these arguments are weak. In particular, I show that gene conservation is a powerful evolutionary force able to preserve minimal genomes. I also consider in what sense the existence of a minimal genome would support intrinsicalism.
Abstract: There exist at least two traditions approaching the problem of biological individuality differently. On the one hand, an evolutionary tradition. From this perspective, organisms are only one among many kinds of biological individuals, and individuation is an evolutionary process. On the other hand, a physiological tradition. From this perspective, individuation is an ontogenetic process that can be viewed as an act of closure from an ever-changing environment. The problem of either view is that partnerships between organisms belonging to different species are ubiquitous in the biological world. The first tradition is forced either to downplay the frequency of partnerships, or their evolutionary significance. The second tradition is forced to relinquish the autonomy of the partners and admit their reproductive, metabolic, developmental and physiologically openness, ultimately characterising closure more prosaically as a tendency rather than as an essential categorical property of biological systems. We shall propose that the many examples of partnership where the metabolic, reproductive, physiological and developmental limits of the partner entities cannot be precisely drawn are an ideal test case to think about biological individuality in new terms.
Em que medida as dimensões políticas do chamado "pensamento 68" marcaram a epistemologia do final do sec.XX?, por Nuno Nabais, no âmbito do Seminário de Doutoramento do Programa de Doutoramento em Filosofia da Ciência, Tecnologia, Arte e Sociedade.
Epistemologia e metodologia da visualidade por Fernando R. Contreras Medina (Universidade de Sevilha), no âmbito do Seminário de Doutoramento do Programa de Doutoramento em Filosofia da Ciência, Tecnologia, Arte e Sociedade.
RESUMEN: Este seminario trata sobre el primer problema que surge al estudiar las imágenes. Debemos saber identificar las principales teorías sobre las que se sustentan los estudios visuales. Frente a la imposibilidad de enumerar todas las teorías, al modo de un discurso histórico, persisten algunas ideas o grupos de ideas que articulan el discurso sobre las imágenes. En este seminario, mostraremos la influencia de la historia del arte, de la teoría del arte y de la estética sobre la concepción contemporánea de visualidad, cultura visual, objeto visual o el esencialismo visual. Durante el seminario revisaremos los actores de las principales influencias teóricas en el análisis visual y sus aportaciones a la consolidación de las más actuales metodologías en este campo de los estudios culturales.
Conferência Internacional IASC Conference 1-2 de Junho de 2017, intitulada "Crossing Borderlines: Controversies and Interdisciplinarity", organizada por Giovanni Scarafile e Olga Pombo. [+info] [Official Video IASC Lisbon Conference] [Video Introducing Logo IASC Lisbon Conference]