Centro de Filosofia das Ciências
da Universidade de Lisboa
Migrations and Social Contaminations
Projecto financiado pela FCT
/ Scientific Reports
The permanent process of language
reformulation and restructuring of the scientific programs internal logic, while
answering the constitution of new theoretical frameworks with different
empirical significance, expresses also a transfer of models, concepts,
cathegories from a scientific field to another.
This transfer has multiple effects on the knowledge process.
Firstly, constitutive effects: it is often the metaphorical use between
disciplines that reveal new facts or, simply, new aspects of a known fact.
Secondly, explanatory effects: testing internal mechanisms of phenomena (natural
or social) according to frameworks of continuity by analogy between fields, the
migration of paradigms generates, in advance, causal representations that
experimentation frequently confirms. Lastly, the transfer of models and concepts
between scientific fields has enormous descriptive effects. We are witnessing an
unprecedented revolution in fundamental sciences. A revolution which not only
changes daily life through the use of ever more unintelligible technologies, as
it leads to a widening gap between the scientific understanding of the world and
the representations of Nature and its mechanisms organizing our technological,
political or poethical practices. This gap, besides a return to magical
explanations of the world and to fundamentalist policies of exclusion from the
technological and social progress of a wide swath of Humanity, reveals itself in
a inescapable fragmentation of knowledege. Undoubtedly, specialization favors
the scientific progress, but, at the same time, leads to a veiling of the
meaning of the world. Thus, it is frequently, the migration of concepts or
paradigms among diverse scientific fields, by a process of production of new
resemblances and new semantical articulations, that allows the reconstruction of
the global meaning of experience.
aim of this project is the study of the different
processes of migration of paradigms, concepts and cathegories from one branch of
knowledge to another, as well as the analysis of the contaminations between
those branches and theirs social effects.
We distinguish four main lines of research:
1.Transfer of concepts and models between fields of Natural Sciences.
2. Projection of the explanatory models of Natural Sciences on Social Sciences
3. Adoption of social policies on Natural Science problems.
4. Legitimation of social impact on the basis of models of intelegibility in
Scientific Report (1st October
2004-30th September 2005)
Report (1st Ocober 2005-30th September 2006)
Report (1st October 2006-30th September 2007)