Scientific Culture. Conceptual migrations and Social Contaminations

Psychiatry and Phenomenology in Portuguese First Half Of The XXth Century



The main purpose is to analyse the role played by the models of Natural sciences in the understanding of mental disease inside the portuguese psychiatry in the first half of XXth century. We will follow the passage from the organicist to the phenomenological model in the decades of 30 and 40, in order to understand in what extent that passage was, not only the consequence of the spreading of the medical schools coming from Husserl and Heidegger tradition, but also the outcome of the transformation of the explanatory models within biology and physics at that time. We will study mainly the work of Portuguese neurologists and psychiatrists as Egas Moniz, Sobral Cid and Barahona Fernandes.

The impact of the models of natural sciences on the portuguese psychiatry have been studied mainly inside the works of Miguel Bombarda and Júlio de Matos. Less attention have received the works of Sobral Cid and Egas Moniz as well as to the introdution of phenomenological models of mind in psychiatry by Barahona Fernandes.

Research Team


Organization of scientific meetings:

Publication of 1 article in international magazines:

  • Davide Scarso (2005), Materiali di Estetica su Guido Davide Neri (recensão), in Spazio-mondo nº 10 (Maggio).

Publication of 1 article in national magazines:

  • Davide Scarso (2004), Linguaggio e intersoggettività nel periodo intermedio del pensiero di Maurice Merleau-Ponty, Phainomenon nº 9, (Fall).

Presentation of 7 communications in international scientific congresses:

  • Nuno Nabais, "Nietzsche e o Regresso à Tragédia Grega no ano de 1887" - Invited conference to the colloquy «Nietzsche e os Gregos», Rio de Janeiro, November 18th, 2004

  • Nuno Nabais, "Deleuze e as Faculdades" - Invited conference to the colloquy «Deleuze e a Educação», Rio de Janeiro, November 20th, 2004

  • Eduardo Pellejero, "A Filosofia e as Artes" - Invited conference to the Diplomado de Estética e Teoria da Arte, Faculdade de Filosofia "Samuel Ramos", Programa de Extensão Académica, Michoacán, México, July 17th, 2005

  • Nuno Nabais, "Pensar contra Nietzsche: O Caso Deleuze" - Invited lecture to the XVII Encontros Nietzsche, Universidade de S. Paulo (Brasil), August 23th, 2005

  • Nuno Nabais, "O estilo agonístico de Nietzsche" - Invited talk to the Café Filosófico Pensar contra Nietzche, Livraria Cultural, São Paulo, August 25th, 2005

  • Nuno Nabais, "O Ensino de Filosofia após Deleuze e Derrida"

  • Nuno Nabais, "Nilismo(s) do Sísmico" - Invited conference to the II Fórum de Filosofia Contemporânea (KRISIS), Rio de Janeiro, August 30th, 2005.

Presentation of 7 communications in national scientific meetings:

  • Nuno Nabais - "Literatura como Arte do Diagnóstico. A Questão do Sofrimento em Ricoeur e Deleuze" - Invited conference to the colloquium "Medida, Incerteza e Relação em Medicina" integrated of the I Encontro de Filosofia e Medicina, Universidade da Beira Interior, from November 11th to November 13th, 2004.

  • Nuno Nabais - "A Morte Medieval: Nascimento para a Eternidade" - Talk to the "Ciclo Vida e Morte", Livraria Eterno Retorno, Lisboa, April 20th, 2005.

  • Nuno Nabais - "O Laboratório Metafísico de Beethoven. De Kant a Nietzsche" - Invited conference to the Festa da Música, Centro Cultural de Belém, Lisboa, April 22th, 2005.

  • Nuno Nabais - "Sobre o Conceito de Paisagem" - Invited conference to the Seminary Novas formas de abordar a paisagem, Instituto Superior de Agronomia de Lisboa, June 3rd, 2005.

  • Nuno Nabais - "Figuras do Limite no Tempo Teatral" - Invited talk to the cycle Arquitectura e Filosofia, na Livraria Eterno Retorno, June 22th, 2005.

  • Nuno Nabais - "Arquitectura e Teatro" - Invited conference to the 3º Seminário Internacional de Projecto da Faculdade de Arquitectura da U.T.L / Universidade de Évora "Para-Arquitecturas: Concepção Arquitectónica e Requalificação Urbana", July 25th, 2005.

  • Nuno Nabais - "Estética da Paisagem" - Invited conference to the Seminary Novas Formas de Abordar a Paisagem, Instituto Superior de Agronomia de Lisboa, September 17th,2005.